The Annenberg Inclusion Initiative examines the proportion of characters from different racial/ethnic groups on screen in entertainment. Routinely, we find an on-screen underrepresentation of characters who are Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian or Asian American, Native American, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Middle Eastern, or from other racial/ethnic backgrounds. In addition to prevalence of underrepresented characters, other attributes are analyzed, including parental and relational status and hypersexualization.

View our reports on race/ethnicity on screen in entertainment below. For information on race/ethnicity behind-the-scenes in entertainment, visit the Behind the Scenes tab.

Race/Ethnicity On-Screen in Film

2018: Inequality in 1,100 Popular Films

  • Annual report on gender, race/ethnicity, LGBT status, and disability in film. Includes data on representation, hypersexualization, and employment patterns in popular films (2007-2017).

View previous reports:

Reports on Race/Ethnicity On-Screen in Film, TV, Digital (The CARD Report)

2014-15: PDF iconInclusion or Invisibility? Comprehensive Annenberg Report on Diversity (CARD)  PDF icon(Full_Report)

  • Report examines film, television, and digital content. The study ranks companies based on inclusivity on screen and behind-the camera.

Race/Ethnicity and Computer Science On-Screen in Television and Film

2017: Cracking the Code: The Prevalence and Nature of Computer Science Depictions in Media

  • An investigation of how often computer science is depicted in popular films and five samples of television, and the prevalence and portrayal of individuals from underrepresented racial/ethnic groups performing computer science. Report prepared for the Google CS in Media Team.