In 2015, the Annenberg Inclusion Initiative began evaluating the prevalence of characters from the LGBT community on screen in media. We also look intersectionally at gender, race/ethnicity, and LGBT characters, including at how individuals are portrayed. See the following studies for more information on the representation of the LGBT community.
Yearly Reports on LGBT Characters On-Screen in Film
- Annual report on top-grossing film. Includes data on employment patterns of women (directors, writers, producers, composers, and casting directors) and hiring of Black, Asian, and Hispanic/Latino directors (2007-2022).
View previous reports:
- Inequality in 1,300 Popular Films (2020)
- Inequality in 1, 200 Popular Films (2019)
- Inequality in 1,100 Popular Films (2018)
- Inequality in 900 Popular Films (2016)
- Inequality in 800 Popular Films (2015)
- Inequality in 700 Popular Films (2014)
Reports on Gender in Film, TV, Digital Content (the CARD report)
- Report examines film, television, and digital content. The study ranks companies based on inclusivity on screen and behind-the camera.
Reports on Specific Areas of Entertainment
- The study was conducted in partnership with the Media Neuroscience Lab (MNL), University of California, Santa Barbara, and sponsored by Snap. The analysis is a multi-year, first-of-its-kind representation audit of English-language partnered content on Snapchat (content from traditional and digital native media partners). The team used a combination of computational methods and human assessors to understand how well gender, race/ethnicity, LGBTQ+, and disability were represented in Snapchat content.
Inclusion in Netflix Series and Films
- The Initiative analyzed Netflix’s U.S. original live-action films (249) and series (297) from 2018 to 2021. The study examined on-screen inclusion across gender, race/ethnicity, LGBTQ+ and disability. Behind the camera, gender and race/ethnicity of key personnel were assessed. (Full Report)