In 2015, the Annenberg Inclusion Initiative began evaluating the prevalence of characters from the LGBT community on screen in media. We also look intersectionally at gender, race/ethnicity, and LGBT characters, including at how individuals are portrayed. See the following studies for more information on the representation of the LGBT community.

Inequality in 1,600 Popular Films

Annual report on top-grossing film. Includes data on employment patterns of women, people of color, the LGBTQ+ community, and people with disabilities.

View previous reports: 2023, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015

Inclusion in Netflix Series and Films: 2018–2021

The Initiative analyzed Netflix’s U.S. original live-action films (249) and series (297) from 2018 to 2021. The study examined on-screen inclusion across gender, race/ethnicity, LGBTQ+ and disability. Behind the camera, gender and race/ethnicity of key personnel were assessed. 

View the most recent executive summary and full report on films and series from 2023.

View the initial executive summary and full report on films and series from 2018-19. 

Inclusion or Invisibility? The Comprehensive Annenberg Report on Diversity (CARD)  

Report examines film, television, and digital content. The study ranks companies based on inclusivity on screen and behind the camera.

View the executive summary and the full report.

Exploring Inclusion in Snapchat Content

The study was conducted in partnership with the Media Neuroscience Lab (MNL), University of California, Santa Barbara, and sponsored by Snap. The analysis is a multi-year, first-of-its-kind representation audit of English-language partnered content on Snapchat (content from traditional and digital native media partners). The team used a combination of computational methods and human assessors to understand how well gender, race/ethnicity, LGBTQ+, and disability were represented in Snapchat content. 

View the report here.